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Fact or Fiction: Unveiling the Truth Behind Video Game Addiction

Posted Saturday, 20 July 2024

Some of you reading this article may be a part of Generation X, or Y. If so, then you may fondly recall the thrill of staying up late, deeply engrossed in your favorite video games. Those nights spent maneuvering through virtual realms, often into the early hours, were undeniably a part of our formative years. 


The sheer joy of gaming wove itself into the fabric of our childhood memories, contributing significantly to our understanding of technology, problem-solving, and even fostering friendships. However, as we revel in these recollections, we must also acknowledge a growing concern that has come to the fore with the increasing popularity of video games—video game addiction.


In recent years, video games have transformed from a beloved pastime into a global phenomenon, captivating the attention of millions. Yet, as the gaming universe expands, so too does the concern about potential addiction. Notably, while the American Psychiatric Association has not officially recognized it as a disorder, the World Health Organization included "gaming disorder" in its International Classification of Diseases in 2018.


Studies are unveiling that excessive gaming can lead to harmful consequences, like decreased academic performance, social isolation, and physical health issues. This has ignited a debate: is video game addiction a distinct issue or merely a manifestation of underlying mental health concerns, such as depression or anxiety?


Despite the lack of universal recognition, a significant number of experts assert that video game addiction is a tangible and severe problem. They propose various treatment options, such as therapy, support groups, and structured limits on screen time.


Of course, it's crucial to remember that not everyone who enjoys video games will develop an addiction. Yet, those who do may exhibit symptoms akin to other addictions, such as withdrawal when unable to play as well as continued use despite evident negative effects.


While much research remains to be conducted on the topic of video game addiction, one thing is clear: unchecked gaming can have detrimental impacts on one's life. Just as with any form of addiction or mental health issue, seeking professional help is often a critical step towards overcoming the problem and enhancing overall well-being.


As we progress through this article, please know that we in no way wish to demonize video games—they have positively shaped many of our experiences. However, we believe in the importance of raising awareness about potential risks and promoting balanced, healthy gaming habits. Because while video games may provide an immersive escape, we must not lose sight of the reality that exists beyond the screen.

Introduction to Video Game Addiction

Video Game Addiction: A Growing Concern

The rise of video games has brought about a new form of addiction that is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide. Video game addiction, also known as gaming addiction, is characterized by an uncontrollable urge to play video games, leading to negative consequences in various aspects of life. This phenomenon has become a growing concern among parents, educators, and healthcare professionals.

Compulsive Need to Play Video Games

While this may seem like an obvious thing to look out for, there is a distinct difference between who is passionate about video games, but can take it or leave it if need be…and someone who NEEDS to play video games. Addicted gamers often prioritize playing games over other important activities such as work, school, or socializing with friends and family. They may spend hours on end playing video games without taking breaks for meals or sleep. This compulsive need to play can lead to physical and mental health problems such as obesity, sleep disorders, anxiety, and depression.

Negative Consequences of Pathological Video Gameplay

Pathological video gameplay can have negative consequences on various areas of life. For example:

  • Academic performance: Addicted gamers may neglect their studies and perform poorly in school.

  • Work productivity: Gaming addicts may miss work or underperform due to excessive gaming.

  • Social relationships: Playing video games excessively can cause social isolation and strain relationships with friends and family.

  • Physical health: Prolonged sitting while gaming can lead to obesity and other health problems.

  • Mental health: Gaming addiction is linked to increased rates of anxiety and depression.

Prevalence of Video Game Addiction

The prevalence of video game addiction is increasing due to the widespread availability and accessibility of video games. With the advent of mobile devices, people can now access games anytime from anywhere. Moreover, online multiplayer games have made it easier for people to connect with others who share their passion for gaming.

According to a study conducted by the National Institute on Media and the Family (NIMF), approximately 8.5% of American youth aged 8-18 years are addicted to video games. The study also found that boys are more likely than girls to become addicted to video games.

The Entertainment Software Association (ESA) reported that the average age of a gamer is 35 years old, and 65% of American adults play video games. With such a large number of people playing video games, it is not surprising that some individuals develop an addiction.

Understanding Video Game Addiction: Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of Video Game Addiction: Signs and Warning Signs

As mentioned previously, Gaming disorder is a recognized condition by the World Health Organization (WHO) and is characterized by impaired control over gaming behavior. Internet gaming disorder is a type of gaming disorder that involves excessive use of the internet to play games, leading to significant impairment in daily life. Symptoms of video game addiction may include preoccupation with gaming, withdrawal symptoms when not playing, and continued gaming despite negative consequences. Warning signs of video game addiction may include neglecting responsibilities, social isolation, and using gaming as a coping mechanism for stress or anxiety.

Addiction Symptoms

Video game addiction symptoms can vary from person to person. However, some common symptoms are often observed in individuals who are addicted to video games. Firstly, an individual may feel preoccupied with playing games all the time. They might think about their favorite games even when they are not playing them. Secondly, they might experience withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, restlessness, or mood swings when they are unable to play their favorite games for an extended period of time.

Thirdly, individuals who suffer from video game addiction might continue playing even though they experience negative consequences such as poor academic performance or strained relationships with family members and friends. Fourthly, they might lose interest in other activities that were once important to them because they prefer spending most of their time playing games.

Gaming Disorder

Gaming disorder is a mental health condition that affects people who spend excessive amounts of time playing video games. According to WHO's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), Gaming Disorder is defined as "a pattern of persistent or recurrent gaming behavior ('digital gaming' or 'video-gaming') which may be online (i.e., over the internet) or offline." This behavior leads to significant impairment in personal life including work/school performance, socializing with others, and physical health issues like obesity due to lack of physical activity.

Internet Gaming Disorder

Internet Gaming Disorder is a type of gaming disorder that involves excessive use of the internet to play games. This condition can lead to significant impairment in daily life, including poor academic or work performance, strained relationships with family members and friends, and physical health issues like obesity due to lack of physical activity.

Withdrawal Symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms are common in individuals who suffer from video game addiction. These symptoms may include irritability, restlessness, mood swings, anxiety, or depression when they are unable to play their favorite games for an extended period of time. Withdrawal symptoms can be severe enough that they might interfere with an individual's ability to function normally in their personal and professional lives.

Warning Signs

There are several warning signs that indicate an individual might be addicted to video games. Firstly, they might neglect responsibilities such as schoolwork or household chores because they prefer playing games instead. Secondly, they might isolate themselves from family members and friends because they prefer spending most of their time playing games alone.

Thirdly, using gaming as a coping mechanism for stress or anxiety is another warning sign of video game addiction. Individuals who feel stressed or anxious might turn to gaming as a way to escape reality temporarily. Lastly, if someone continues playing even though it causes negative consequences like poor academic performance or strained relationships with family members and friends, this could also be considered a warning sign.

Risk Factors for Developing Video Game Addiction